Heart disease which is also known as congenital heart disease is simply a disorder that alters or affects the heart’s ability to function in its natural form. Heart diseases vary, but some of the most common heart problems among people include narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries. There are many drugs prescribed for various kinds of heart problems the List of Heart Diseases Drugs and Medications goes long.
There are numerous types and combinations of drugs that are widely used for the treatment of heart diseases or CAD (coronary artery disease). Your doctors will choose the best-suited drugs for you from the list of heart diseases Drugs and Medications which is best for your situation.
However, some of the most common heart diseases drugs and medications which are prescribed by doctors are summarized in this segment. Please note not to take any of these medications without a prescription from your doctors. We do not recommend any medicine for any heart disease. Make sure to take your medication regularly, do not start a new medication without discussing it with your healthcare provider, or do not stop taking any drugs without consulting doctors first.
Here is the list of some common heart disease Drugs and Medications which are considered effective on various kinds of heart diseases.
(Known Blood Thinner)
Anticoagulants are used to prevent blood clots. These medications are given to people with a high risk of clots which might lead to serious heart conditions like stroke or heart attacks. Anticoagulants don’t allow the formation of blood clots and that’s why it is also called the “blood thinners” medicines however, these medications don’t actually thin the blood of patients.
Types of Anticoagulants Medications for Heart Disease:
These are some of the most common anticoagulants which are prescribed. Some are newer anticoagulants that are also popular among doctors:
When are anticoagulants used?
Anticoagulants are prescribed if you already have a blood clot, the most common cause being a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and/or a clot on the lung, called a pulmonary embolus (PE). In these cases, they prevent the clot from becoming bigger. The other reason they are used is if you are at risk of having a blood clot (prevention). Examples of people who are at risk of having a blood clot include anyone who has:
Diuretics, also called water pills, effectively treat high blood pressure. Read on to learn about its working mechanism and when you need them.
Diuretics, commonly known as water pills, help remove salt (sodium) and water from the body. Generally, these medicines function by assisting the kidney in releasing more sodium into the urine. The sodium released helps remove the water from the circulation, reducing the amount of fluid traveling through the veins and arteries. As a result, blood pressure drops.
Types of Diuretics
There are three types of diuretics, including Thiazide, Loop, and Potassium-sparing. Each diuretic affects a different part of the kidney. Some drugs contain more than one type of diuretic or doctors combine a diuretic with another blood pressure medicine. The physician determines the effectiveness of Diuretics for an individual by seeing the health history and condition for being treated.
Uses of Diuretics
Doctors indicate thiazide diuretics as one of the first drug treatments for high blood pressure. If diuretics are not enough to lower the blood pressure, the doctor might add other blood-pressure medications to the treatment course. Further, doctors prescribe diuretics to treat, prevent, or improve symptoms in individuals having:-
It treats a variety of conditions, including high blood pressure.
Vasodilators are medicines that function via dilation (or opening) of blood vessels. They affect the muscles in the walls of the veins and arteries and prevent them from tightening and the walls from constricting.
By opening (or increasing the interior (lumen) diameter) of arteries, blood flow, and oxygen supply to the heart increases. While when veins open, the amount of blood returned to the heart chambers reduces.
Thereby, the blood flows more freely through the vessels, and the heart doesn’t have to work as hard. As a result, the blood pressure of the individual reduces.
Note: Doctors also use a few other medications to treat hypertension, like calcium channel blockers that dilate vessels. But the vasodilators that affect the vessel walls directly are hydralazine and minoxidil.
Uses of Vasodilators:-
Generally, doctors prescribe vasodilators to treat, prevent, or improve symptoms in a variety of symptoms, such as:
Antiplatelet Agents, also known as antiaggregant, are a class of medicines that restrict cells in the blood from clinging together and creating a blood clot that may lead to stroke or a heart attack. Furthermore, Dual Antiplatelet Therapy (DAPT) is a synthesis of Aspirin (antiplatelet agent) and a second oral antiplatelet agent that create a blockade for a platelet receptor called P2Y12 platelet receptor that causes the activation of the platelet.
Types of Antiplatelet Agents:
Many patients with heart attack and stroke are treated with the combination of two Antiplatelet Agents in order to prevent blood clotting which is known as Dual Antiplatelet Therapy. There are several types of Antiplatelet Agents that are recommended by doctors and healthcare experts to eradicate the chances of blood clotting. Mentioned below are the major types of Antiplatelet Agents:
Uses of Antiplatelets
With the capabilities of preventing blood clotting, Antiplatelet agents are used in the treatment of the following heart-related diseases:
Likewise, Dual Antiplatelet Therapy is performed in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) to decrease recurring Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE).
ACE Inhibitors (Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme) are heart medications that are helpful in tranquilizing arteries and veins to reduce blood pressure. These inhibitors prevent an enzyme in the body from generating a substance that contracts blood vessels which are basically known as Angiotensin II. It enlarges the blood vessels to promote the right blood flow.
Types of ACE Inhibitors
There are a number of ACE Inhibitors that are used for certain heart-related disorders. The right inhibitor to be used depends on certain factors including the overall health of the patient and current health conditions. Have a look at the medicines that come under the class of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE Inhibitors):
Uses of ACE Inhibitors
ACE Inhibitors are suggested by various doctors and cardiology experts for the treatment of high blood pressure. Other than treating the high flow of blood pressure, ACE Inhibitors are also used to treat, inhibit, and improve the symptoms of the following diseases:
Medication is effective in keeping the symptoms down or under control, preventing or sometimes treating heart conditions. The medication treatment entirely depends on the detailed testing of how heart disease is affecting the cardiovascular system of patients. Not all heart issues are the same so, the methods or medications or drugs used to treat them are also different.
Suppose an individual’s heart disease is causing excessive blood clotting which might increase the blood pressure simultaneously. In such a case there might be the need for more than one medication to manage heart disease.
When you are taking any medication it’s important to know what you’re taking, why you are taking it, and how it will affect you. When taking heart disease drugs ask your doctor about:
There is a huge list of drugs and medicine available which are susceptible to variations in metabolism that may make people prone to side effects. The most frequent side effect while taking the heart disease medication is dizziness, when heart disease drugs are consumed it relaxes the narrow blood vessel which leads to this. This generally happened in the morning while getting out of bed or standing. To deal with it one needs to sit or lie down for a while.
On the other hand, ACE inhibitors sometimes may make one cough. It’s best to discuss it with your5 doctor if the cough is keeping you up the whole night or affects you in your day-to-day activities.
Another drug, which is Diuretics also known as water pills makes a person pee more than usual. The best-suggested way to deal with this is the right timing of taking this heart disease drug. If you are prescribed one dosage prefer to take it in the morning. Those who have been prescribed two dosage needs to take the second one in the last afternoon. Doing this will make you pee less in the night and sleep more. This medication might cause dehydration therefore, problems like these might occur:
Make sure to call up your doctor if you are going through these symptoms don’t treat yourself on your own.
While taking blood thinners, bleeding is the most common side effect. Give an immediate call to your doctor if you have: